Friday, January 04, 2013

Nuntius 2013-01-04

Here are the Roman Archeology news found today:

Aerial view of the Nubian pyramids at Meroe in...
Aerial view of the Nubian pyramids at Meroe in 2001 

Dating back around 2,000 years and discovered in a palace in the ancient city of Meroe in Sudan, this relief appears to show a princess who is, fashionably, overweight. A 2,000-year-old relief carved with an image of what appears to be a, stylishly overweight, princess has been discovered in an “extremely fragile” palace in the ancient city of Meroë, in Sudan, archaeologists say. At the time the relief was made, Meroë was the center of a kingdom named Kush, its borders stretching as far north as the southern edge of Egypt. It wasn’t unusual for queens (sometimes referred to as “Candaces”) to rule, facing down the armies of an expanding Rome.

Roman theatre remains dating back to the second century AD have been discovered in fields outside a market town in Kent. The excavated site at Faversham has revealed an open-air ‘cockpit’ theatre built into the hillside, which is the first of its kind to be uncovered in Britain. It is thought to have sat up to 12,000 people across 50 rows positioned on the side of the hill, with the diameter of the whole venue being 65 metres.

The Roman Empire has produced a number of inscriptions that record these complaints, one of best preserved and most revealing was found in the Roman City of Rhodiapolis nearly 5 years ago. The Roman city of Rhodiapolis, which is sited in Turkey has a long and varied history. Excavations on the site were started  by Professor Nevzat Çevik, head of the archaeology department in Akdeniz University’s 2006 after the site was exposed during wild fires in 2000. Located near the village of Sarıcasu, Rhodiapolis received its name from the Rhodians, who colonized the city. The best known figure from the city was Opramoas, who lived in the period of Antoninus Pius (138-161 A.D.). He was the richest man in Lycia and the most renowned philanthropist. His best known work was his own monumental tomb.

Now, situated as we are at the east end of Byker Bridge, we can either choose to follow the approximate course of the Wall across the Ouseburn, or get an aerial perspective from the bridge. Wall Mile 3 is almost unique in having virtually no influence on later structures or layout in the city, which helps explain the upcoming uncertainties over its course. If you decide to follow the Wall, go to the left of the building at the end of the bridge and down Back Stephen Street.Then take the steps ahead and proceed down the east bank of the burn to arrive at Leighton Street. Turn right then immediately left onto Foundry Lane, then fork right onto the footpath gradually inclined up towards the viaduct, passing Ouseburn Farm on the right (which is on the posited line of the Wall). Keep on up Stepney Bank, keeping the Ship Inn and viaduct to your right. Turn right onto Coquet Street, which bends right, then left, then right again, repeatedly crossing the line of the curtain wall. We are finally reunited at the crossroads on Crawhall Road, where you will turn left.

One of the most anticipated articles in religion circles will be absent from the pages of the January edition of the Harvard Theological Review. Harvard Divinity School professor Karen King's final article on the "Jesus wife" fragment did not make the scholarly journal because further testing on the Coptic papyrus fragment has not been finished. King announced the findings of the 1.5-by-3 inch, honey-colored fragment in September at the International Association for Coptic Studies conference in Rome. In a draft version of the article submitted for publication in the January edition, King and her co-author said the scrap had written in Coptic, a language used by Egyptian Christians, "Jesus said to them, 'My wife," but was then cut off.

Now these three small enamel pans feature in a new book edited by Roman expert David Breeze and published by the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society. The Rudge Cup, Amiens Patera and the Ilam Pan are about the size of a wine glass and decorated with the names of forts along the western sector of Hadrian’s Wall, from Bowness-on-Solway to Great Chesters. They were made in the decades following the building of Hadrian’s Wall in AD122.