Thursday, August 09, 2012

On This Day in Ancient History - Pharsalus

On this day in ancient Roman history, Julius Caesar and Pompey faced off against each other in the Battle of Pharsalus. The father of the greatest Trojan War hero of the Greeks, Achilles, had been king of the area of Greece where Pharsalus was located.

Caesar had about 22,000 men and Pompey had twice that, but Caesar still won, losing only about 250 men. 24,000 of Pompey's men surrendered; the rest died or fled the battle.
Julius Caesar describes the Battle of Pharsalus in his Civil War Commentaries, and the Silver Age Latin poet and nephew of Seneca, Lucan wrote about it in his Pharsalia [English translation].