Saturday, July 14, 2012

Y chromosomes and mtDNA from late antique Bavaria

One of the papers in the aforementioned volume includes Y-STR and mtDNA data on a burial cemetery from Bavaria dating to the Imperial Roman age. I reproduce the DNA results below; the haplogroup assignments in red are my own and have been estimated with Whit Athey's haplogroup predictor using both Northwest European and Equal priors.

The number of Y-STRs is not sufficient to make very strong haplogroup assignments in some cases. Still, we can probably say that R1b, E1b1b, and I1 were present in the population. I1 might seem more likely than G2a in a few cases, but remember that a couple of G2a men were found in 7th c. Bavaria. E1b1b, another non-typical German haplogroup has also been found in Usedom from the medieval period.

Christina Sofeso, Marina Vohberger, Annika Wisnowsky, Bernd Päffgen, Michaela Harbeck, * 

Verifying archaeological hypotheses: Investigations on origin and genealogical lineages of a privileged society in Upper Bavaria from Imperial Roman times (Erding, Kletthamer Feld)

During the years 2005 and 2006 approximately 2000 archaeological
finds ranging from the Neolithic Period to Late Antiquity 
were found on the Kletthamer Feld (Erding, Upper Bavaria). 
Out of this context a burial site was examined comprising 
13 individuals, some of them rich in precious grave goods. The 
inhumations were dated to the second half of the 4th to the first 
half of the 5th century – a time of upheavals in relation to the 
 demographic structure of the former Roman province Raetia (today southern Bavaria).