Sunday, December 11, 2011

Expulsions from the City of Rome during the First Century C.E.

Roman Policy towards the Jews: Expulsions from the City of Rome during the First Century C.E.
http://historyoftheancientworld.com/2011/12/roman-policy-towards-the-jews-expulsions-from-the-city-of-rome-during-the-first-century-c-e/

Policy towards the Jews: Expulsions from the City of Rome during the First Century C.E.

By Leonard Victor Rutgers

Classical Antiquity, Vol. 13, No. 1 (1994)

Introduction: In this article I want to discuss the evidence for expulsions of Jews from the city of Rome in the first century C.E. Scholars have long been interested in the reasons underlying these expulsions. Because the ancient literary sources regard ing such expulsions are scanty and often contradictory, no generally accepted explanation for the rationale behind these events has hitherto been offered. We in fact often lack even the most basic kind of information. Not infrequently it re mains obscure, for example, how many Jews were expelled by Roman authorities and to what social class they belonged. Similarly, we simply cannot tell whether expulsions of Jews from Rome were at all effective in the long run.

Rather than studying individual expulsions of Jews in isolation – as several scholars have done recently – I have opted in this article for a more comprehen sive approach. In order to explain Rome's decision to remove Jews from the capital of its empire, it is necessary to study the question of the position of the Jews in the Roman Empire in general. In addition, it is necessary to study the evidence for expulsions of people other than Jews. Finally, we also need to establish if (and if so, how) Romans were tolerant of other, non-Roman peoples.

Click here to read this article from York University