Monday, July 04, 2011

Was Iron Age Britain Open to the Roman Conquest?

It is often argued that trade between the Romans and pre-conquest Britain 'softened up' the latter for cultural assimilation. How valid is this perspective?

Historically, Caesar's unsuccessful attempts to occupy Britain in 55 and 54BC presented Britain as an attractive opportunity for his successors. To complete a challenge which Caesar himself had failed would certainly grant great military prestige. Presumably in emulation of his adoptive father, there are three references in Cassius Dio's Roman History to abandoned attempts made by the emperor Augustus to invade Britain (48.38; 53.33; 53.25).

By Kevin Stoba

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