Thursday, June 23, 2011

Nestorian Schism

The Council of Ephesus, convened on June 22, 431, met to discuss Nestorius Bishop of Constantinople.

John of the Golden Mouth, aka Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople, who died in A.D. 407, was known for his oratorical skill. In 428, when the Emperor Theodosius II established Nestorius as Patriarch of Constantinople, it was hoped that Nestorius, who was also known for his sermons, would serve just as well. At first, all seemed right. Nestorius got right on the task of issuing edicts against heresies -- notably the Arian heresy, although he didn't seem bothered by the followers of Pelagius, whose heresy became popular in Britain, Palestine, and Carthage.

This was the time when Christian doctrine was being decided. It was also during the time of the split Empire, when there was a ruler in the West and another one in the East, and when the Empire was linguistically divided into Latin and Greek. Nestorius and Theodosius were in the Greek-speaking East.

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