Friday, June 10, 2011

Ephesus- the Ancient City with One of the Seven Wonders of the World

Ephesus, a former city of the Greek and later became an ancient Roman city port which lies in Selcuk, near Kusadasi, southwestern of present day Turkey is a heritage attraction. This ancient city have became a centre to the ancient conquerors from Greek, Persians, Turkish and Roman was one the twelve cities of Ionian League in Classical Greek era.

Ephesus garnered a lot of “first” in history. Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the World was lying in the ruin of Ephesus. The temple was dedicated to goddess Artemis or known as Diana. She was the symbol of fertility and always depicted as having multiple breasts draped from her shoulder to her waist.

The temple was built around 660 BC and described as one of the most elegant buildings of the ancient world. It encompassed more than a hundred exquisite marble columns which estimated 15 metres in height.

However, the temple was destroyed several times due to earthquakes in 614 AD and rebuilt by Emperor Constantine I after that. A new public baths were built during that time too. It was completely devastated by the Goths in 263AD when they conquered Ephesus. Nowadays, the only remaining evidence of the existence was the marble columns.

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