Friday, June 03, 2011

Bulgarian-Italian Cooperation in Archaeological Research and Promotion of Historical Heritage

The Italian-Bulgarian expeditions during the last century in north-western Bulgaria have a significant role in the history of archaeological research.

In the period 1941-1943 under the scientific guidance of Antonio Frova, who then acted on behalf of the Italian scientific expeditions to the east and of the Italian Institute in Sofia, were performed excavations in Gigen (Pleven), in the ancient colony Ulpia Oescensium.

We owe Frova the discovery of a thermal complex extra moenia (out of town) and the aqueduct, part of the fortress wall with round towers and decumanus maximus, the main road that crossed the Roman city from east to the west. It was the Italian scientist who wanted to establish in the area of the excavations an antiquarium, currently the Ulpia Oescus Museum, with exposition on the excavation site.

The name of Antonio Frova occupies an important place in the history of studies of ancient painting. Back in the 50's of the last century Frova was the first to report the news of the accidental discovery in Bulgaria of exceptional frescos in late-antique grave in Silistra, ancient Durostorum, and in the Thracian town of Kazanlak.

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